Getmail osx

getmail osx

Once you've read the email, click the Get Mail button in the toolbar to return to your e Back Forward Stop Refresh Home AutoFill Print Mail. getmail is a simple mail retrieval agent intended as a replacement for fetchmail, implemented in Python. It can retrieve mail from POP3, IMAP4, and Standard. Install getmail on Mac OSX. July 25, Mac App Store. About the App. App name: getmail; App description: Extensible mail retrieval system with POP3 IMAP4. FILEZILLA WHAT RANGE TO PORT FORWARD Brasmatic 063 30-43-575 тестера косметики, пробники 304-35-75 Товаров в с пн интернет магазин косметики. Приобрести Подробнее 600,00. Приобрести Подробнее 1.

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MultiDestination doesn't do any message deliveries itself; instead, it lets you specify a list of one or more other destinations which it will pass each message to. You can use this to deliver each message to several different destinations. A destination is a string that refers to another configuration file section by name shortcuts for maildirs and mboxrd files are also provided; see below , like this:.

Because Maildir and Mboxrd destinations are common, you can specify them directly as a shortcut if they do not require a user parameter. If the string after expansion; see below starts with a dot or slash and ends with a slash, it specifies the path of a Maildir destination, while if it starts with a dot or a slash and does not end with a slash, it specifies the path of a Mboxrd destination.

Of course, the whole point of MultiDestination is to allow you to specify multiple destinations, like this:. MultiSorter compares the envelope recipient address of messages against a list of user-supplied regular expressions and delivers the message to the destination maildir, mboxrd file, or other associated with any matching patterns. A message can match multiple patterns and therefore be delivered to multiple matching destinations.

Any message which matches none of the patterns is delivered to a default destination for the postmaster. Because MultiSorter requires the envelope recipient to operate, it must be used with a domain mailbox retriever. If you instead want to do some basic message sorting based on getmail's best guess as to the envelope recipient of the message, see the MultiGuesser destination class below. Note that if you don't understand regular expressions, you don't need to worry about it.

In general, an email address is a regular expression that matches itself. Handy hints:. MultiGuesser tries to guess what the envelope recipient address of the message might have been, by comparing addresses found in the message header against a list of user-supplied regular expressions, and delivers the message to the destination maildir, mboxrd file, or other associated with any matching patterns.

In this fashion, you can do basic mail filtering and sorting with getmail without using an external filtering message delivery agent MDA such as maildrop or procmail , if and only if the message recipient is the criteria you want to filter on. If you want to filter based on arbitrary message critera, like "What address is in the To: header field? MultiGuesser is similar to MultiSorter , except that it does not operate on the true envelope recipient address, and therefore does not require a domain mailbox retriever.

Because it is "guessing" at the intended recipient of the message based on the contents of the message header, it is fallible — for instance, the address of a recipient of a mailing list message may not appear in the header of the message at all. If your locals regular expression patterns are only looking for that address, MultiGuesser will then have to deliver it to the destination specified as the default recipient.

This functionality is very similar to the guessing functionality of getmail version 2, which was removed in version 3. MultiGuesser extracts a list of addresses from the message header like this:. If you have a simple POP3 account i. See MultiSorter above for other examples of getmail rc usage; the only difference is the type parameter specifying the MultiGuesser destination. If you're not already familiar with qmail, you don't need to use this destination class.

The optional options section of the rc file can be used to alter getmail's default behaviour. The parameters supported in this section are as follows:. To configure getmail to operate quietly, to retrieve only new mail, to delete messages after retrieving them, and to log its actions to a file, you could provide the following in your getmail rc file s :. The filter- something section s of the rc file which are not required tell getmail to process messages in some way after retrieving them, but before delivering them to your destinations.

Filters can tell getmail to drop a message i. You can specify any number of filters; provide a separate rc file section for each, naming each of them filter- something. They will be run in collated order, so it's likely simplest to name them like this:. Then, include a type string parameter to tell getmail what type of filter. By default, if a filter writes anything to stderr , getmail will consider the delivery to have encountered an error. You must configure any filter you use not to emit messages to stderr except on errors — please see the documentation for your filter program for details.

As TMDA relies on the message envelope, this filter requires the use of a multidrop retriever class to function. I would appreciate any feedback about its use from TMDA users. You might filter spam messages in your MUA based on information added to the message header by a spam-classification program. You could have that information added to the message header with a filter configuration like this:.

You might use a program to prevent users from accidentally destroying their data by stripping suspected attachments from messages. You might use TMDA to challenge messages from unknown senders. If the default parameters are fine for your configuration, this is as simple as:. Several examples of different getmail rc configuration are available in the included file getmailrc-examples.

In addition, the following commandline options can be used to override any values specified in the [options] section of the getmail rc files:. Then run getmail as follows:. If those files were located in a directory other than the default, and you wanted to use that directory for storing the data files as well, you could run getmail as follows:. It reads the mail message from stdin, and delivers it to a maildir path provided as an argument on the commandline.

This path must after expansion by the shell, if applicable start with a dot or slash and end with a slash. The default is to operate silently unless an error occurs. You could deliver a message to a maildir named Maildir located in your home directory by running the following command with the message on stdin:. It reads the mail message from stdin, and delivers it to an mbox path provided as an argument on the commandline. This path must after expansion by the shell, if applicable start with a dot or slash and not end with a slash.

You could deliver a message to an mboxrd-format mbox file named inbox located in a directory named mail in your home directory by running the following command with the message on stdin:. It is primarily intended for use in automated or scripted environments, but can be used to retrieve mail normally. Table of Contents getmail documentation version 6 getmail documentation Features Requirements Obtaining getmail Installing getmail getmail configuration version 6 Configuring getmail Creating a getmail rc file Parameter types and formats string integer boolean tuple of quoted strings tuple of integers tuple of 2-tuples Creating the [retriever] section What is a "multidrop" mailbox?

How do I know if I have one? Configuring getmail How do I … Using getmail with other software I think I found this bug in getmail … Configuring getmail Once getmail is installed , you need to configure it before you can retrieve mail with it. If you choose a different location, you will need to specify it on the getmail command line. In general, other users should not be able to read the contents of this directory, so you should set the permissions on it appropriately. The default name is getmailrc.

If you choose a different filename, you will need to specify it on the getmail command line. If you want to retrieve mail from more than one mail account, you will need to create a separate rc file for each account getmail should retrieve mail from. Creating a getmail rc file The configuration file format is designed to be easy to understand both for getmail, and for the user. Parameter types and formats Several different types of parameters are used in getmail rc files: string integer boolean tuple of quoted strings tuple of integers tuple of 2-tuples Each parameter type has a specific format that must be used to represent it in the getmail rc file.

Begin with the section header line as follows: [retriever] Then, include a type string parameter to tell getmail what type of mail retriever to use to retrieve mail from this account. What is a "multidrop" mailbox? If the message incorrectly already contained such a header field, it must be deleted before the envelope sender address is recorded. These may be named various things, but are commonly Delivered-To , X-Envelope-To , and similar values.

In the case of messages which had multiple recipients in the domain, this must be a single address, reflecting the particular recipient of this copy of the message. Note that this field and the envelope recipient address are not related to informational header fields created by the originating MUA, like To or cc. Common retriever parameters All retriever types take several common required parameters: server string — the name or IP address of the server to retrieve mail from username string — username to provide when logging in to the mail server All retriever types also take several optional parameters: port integer — the TCP port number to connect to.

If not provided, the default is a port appropriate for the protocol for POP3, etc. If this option is not recognized, your Python installation does not have Python keyring. The program must write the password and nothing else to stdout, and must exit with a status of 0 on success. Note that the password parameter above overrides this parameter; specify one or the other, not both.

This parameter is specified as the program to run as the first string in the tuple, and all remaining strings are arguments passed to that program. Consult your server's documentation or postmaster if you're unsure what form your server uses. If your mailbox names contain non-ASCII characters, ensure that your getmailrc file is stored with UTF-8 encoding so that getmail can correctly determine the unicode character names that need to be quoted in IMAP's modified UTF-7 encoding; if you do not do this, the mailbox names will not match what the server expects them to be, or will cause UnicodeErrors when attempting to load your getmailrc file.

As a special case, in getmail version 4. Versions of getmail prior to 4. The specified mail folder must exist; getmail will not create it. Note that if you configure getmail not to delete retrieved messages the default behaviour , they will not be moved at all. This is on by default, but can be disabled. If not set, normal password-based authenticaion is used. Note that when you use Kerberos authentication, it is up to you to ensure you have a valid Kerberos ticket perhaps by running a ticket-renewing agent such as kstart or similar.

This is currently only supported with Gmail; if anyone extends this to support other IMAP providers, please let me know so I can include such support in getmail. This functionality was contributed by Stefan Krah, who has additional information about using it here. SSL Client Parameters All SSL-enabled retriever types also take the following options, to allow specifying the use of a particular client key and client certificate in establishing a connection to the server.

Specify the path to a PEM-formatted list of 1 or more valid and trusted root certification authority CA certificates. Note: this option is only available with Python 2. Root certificates are not supplied with getmail; your OS probably installs a set by default for use by the system, or you may wish to use a specific set of trusted root certificates provided by your employer or a trusted third party.

See the Open SSL documentation for details. If the specified setting results in no possible ciphers available, getmail will abort the connection. Another useful value is probably "sslv3". The available option values are taken from the Python ssl module. Note that this option exists only to help in connecting certain legacy, out-of-date, broken servers; most users should not specify this option at all. Using this option without knowing what you are doing can reduce the effectiveness of your encrypted connection.

Supply a list of one or more SHA certificate fingerprints, and getmail will confirm whether the server's certificate fingerprint is in the list of allowed fingerprints; if it is not, getmail will abort the connection. Getmail will log the fingerprint of the server's certificate if you supply the --fingerprint commandline option. Specify this if the name used to connect to the server is known not to match the hostname in the server's certificate; otherwise, getmail will error out with a hostname mismatch.

This is not supported by many POP3 servers. The default is False. If not specified, the default is seconds. You may need to increase this value in particularly poor networking conditions. Begin with the section header line as follows: [destination] Then, include a type string parameter to tell getmail what type of mail destination this is. The possible values are: Maildir — deliver all messages to a local qmail-style maildir Mboxrd — deliver all messages to a local mboxrd-format mbox file with fcntl-type locking.

Typical MDAs include maildrop , procmail , and others. MultiDestination — unconditionally deliver messages to multiple destinations maildirs, mbox files, external MDAs, or other destinations. MultiSorter — sort messages according to the envelope recipient requires a domain mailbox retriever and deliver to a variety of maildirs, mbox files, external MDAs, or other destinations based on regular expressions matching the recipient address of each message. Messages not matching any of the regular expressions are delivered to a default "postmaster" destination.

MultiGuesser — sort messages according to getmail's best guess at what the envelope recipient of the message might have been, and deliver to a variety of maildirs, mbox files, external MDAs, or other destinations based on regular expressions matching those addresses. Maildir The Maildir destination delivers to a qmail-style maildir. Note that this typically requires root privileges. Note that the current umask is masked out of the given value at file creation time.

The default value, which should be appropriate for most users, is "". Mboxrd The Mboxrd destination delivers to an mboxrd-format mbox file with either fcntl-type lockf or flock-type file locking. The Mboxrd destination takes one required parameter: path string — the path to the mbox file. The default in getmail 4. Defaults to false.

Some MDAs expect such a line to be present and will fail to operate if it is missing. The default is false, which causes getmail to raise an exception if it is asked to run an external command as root. Note that setting this option has serious security implications. Don't use it if you don't know what you're doing. I strongly recommend against running external processes as root.

The default is false, which causes getmail to consider the delivery failed and leave the message on the server, proceeding to the next message. This prevents loss of mail if the MDA writes to stderr but fails to exit nonzero when it encounters an error. Note that setting this option has serious implications; some MDAs can fail to deliver a message but still exit 0, which can cause loss of mail if this option is set.

Only change this setting if you are confident your MDA always exits nonzero on error. The MultiDestination destination takes one required parameter: destinations tuple of quoted strings — the destinations which the messages will be passed to.

The MultiSorter destination takes one required parameter: default string — the destination for messages which aren't matched by any of the "locals" regular expressions. Sieve clients. Note that you need to use the correct port Server. Unfortunately, after spending far too much time trying to make this work, I've given up on using a Sieve client. If you're root, create a. Sign up to join this community. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top.

Stack Overflow for Teams — Collaborate and share knowledge with a private group. Create a free Team What is Teams? Learn more. Ask Question. Asked 8 years, 1 month ago. Modified 8 years, 1 month ago. Viewed 2k times. What about server-side filtering? How can that be setup? Improve this question. Add a comment. Sorted by: Reset to default. Highest score default Date modified newest first Date created oldest first.

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Follow the same instructions as for reporting bugs above — yes, that means we would prefer you submit your idea as an issue in our repository allowing other users to also comment on it which may lead to a useful discussion if your feature has not been proposed before. Every line of code added to getmail has a certain cost. Every feature added requires code, documentation, and support. Adding features increases the complexity of the software, confuses users, and leads to higher support costs.

We therefore weigh features very carefully as a cost-versus-benefit tradeoff before deciding whether to add them. Some users are confused by this. They think that a feature you don't use has no cost, and therefore if it has any value to anyone, it should be added. That simply isn't the case; the costs of an unused feature are simply borne by others, including us. If you have asked me to add some feature, and we've said no, this may be the reason.

Other possibilities include us simply not having had sufficient time to implement it yet. You can use getmail message filtering options to do this with an external virus scanning program, or invoke your virus scanning program during delivery with getmail's support for external MDAs. You can use getmail message filtering options to do this with an external spam filtering program, or invoke your spam filtering program during delivery with getmail's support for external MDAs.

Rewriting message header fields is bad for many reasons; the biggest problem is that it causes a loss of critical technical information necessary to track down many mail problems. You can disable the creation of these header fields. Do NOT delete or edit these files. You'll make getmail re-retrieve all your old mail, or even prevent getmail from running. The files are tiny by modern storage standards; you could have a million of these files and still not have to worry about the disk space they take up for a thousand years.

Short answer: … well, the short answer is mostly unprintable. The long answer is … well, long:. I do not like some of the design choices which were made with fetchmail. In addition, most people find getmail easier to configure and use than fetchmail. Perhaps most importantly, getmail goes to great lengths to ensure that mail is never lost, while fetchmail in its default configuration frequently loses mail, causes mail loops, bounces legitimate messages, and causes many other problems.

When people have pointed out problems in fetchmail's design and implementation, it's maintainer has frequently ignored them, or worse yet gone in the completely wrong direction in the name of "fixing" the problems. For instance, fetchmail's configuration file syntax has been criticized as being needlessly difficult to write; instead of cleaning up the syntax, the maintainer instead included a GUI configuration-file-writing program, leading to comments like:.

The punchline is that fetchmail sucks, even if it does have giddily-engineered whizbang configurator apps. As an example, Dan Bernstein , author of qmail and other software packages , once noted to the qmail list:. Last night, root xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx reinjected thirty old messages from various authors to qmail xxxxxxxxxxxxxx. This sort of idiocy happens much more often than most subscribers know, thanks to a broken piece of software by Eric Raymond called fetchmail.

Fortunately, qmail and ezmlm have loop-prevention mechanisms that stop these messages before they are distributed to subscribers. The messages end up bouncing to the wrong place, thanks to another fetchmail bug, but at least the mailing list is protected.

The maintainer also ignored dozens of complaints about fetchmail's behaviour, stating by fiat that fetchmail was bug-free and had entered "maintenance mode", allowing him to ignore further bug reports. From fetchmail's to-do file emphasis mine :. In July, , it was noted that there may be at least 2 unfixed denial-of-service attacks, 2 unfixed remote-code-execution, 2 unfixed remote-user-access, and 3 unfixed remote-shell attacks against fetchmail.

I've given up even trying to stay abreast of the various security holes in fetchmail, but others have noted continuing problems, including:. The fetchmail authors' boneheaded decision to create a configuration-file GUI editor rather than actually giving fetchmail a sane configuration syntax also came back to bite them in the ass: in October , it became known that fetchmailconf created its files in such a way that users' passwords could be read during file creation. Addendum, January since I wrote the above, the following new security problems have been discovered in fetchmail:.

A domain or multidrop mailbox is a POP3 mailbox which receives mail for all users in a given domain. Normal mailboxes contain mail for a single user like jason myisp. See the documentation on the [retriever] section for details of what the requirements for a multidrop mailbox are. When run as the root user on a Unix-like system, getmail drops privileges switches to an unprivileged group and user id before delivering to maildirs or mboxrd files.

You can specify the user explicitly, or let getmail use the owner of the maildir or mboxrd file. If getmail attempts to deliver mail and finds it has UID 0 or GID 0, it will refuse the delivery and print an error message. A maildir is a mail storage format invented by D. Bernstein author of qmail that requires no file locking to deliver to safely and reliably, even over NFS. There are various sub-types of the mbox mail storage format.

In particular, using mbox files with multiple writers over NFS can be problematic. The "envelope" of an email message is "message metadata"; that is, the message is information, and the envelope is information about the message information about other information. Knowing this is critical to understanding what a domain or multidrop mailbox is, how it works, and what getmail can do for you.

Others have tried to explain this with varying degrees of success. I'll use the standard analogy of normal postal i. When you receive a letter a reply from the customer-disservice department of your telephone company, say it arrives in an envelope. You tear it open, remove the letter, and read it. At the top of the letter is the telephone company's return address, followed by the date the letter was written. Your name and mailing address follow that, and then the remainder of the letter.

The important thing to keep in mind is that the contents of the letter including the addresses just discussed are never looked at by the post office. If they can't deliver the letter your mailing address on the envelope got smudged in the rain , they'll return it to the address listed in the top-left corner of the envelope.

They don't check to make sure that the address listed there is the same as the one listed at the top of the letter. Similarly, when they can successfully deliver it, they don't check to make sure that the recipient name and address on the envelope matches the one listed on the letter between the date and the salutation.

The message header fields From: and Resent-from: are equivalent to the block of address information at the top of the letter; it usually contains the name and address of the sender of the message, but it is never actually used in the delivery of the message. Similarly, the To: , cc: , Resent-to: , and Resent-cc: header fields are the equivalent of the block of address information between the date and the salutation on the letter; they usually contain the names and addresses of the intended recipients of the message, but they too are not used in the delivery of the message.

You might open an envelope addressed to you and find that the letter inside makes no mention of your name. Your name and address don't appear anywhere in the letter, but it was still successfully delivered to you based on the envelope information.

There's nothing strange about this. If someone else opens your mail for you, discards the envelopes, and places the contents in your in-basket, you might wonder how some of it ended up there, because there's nothing to connect you with the message contents. Email is exactly like this. Each message has two parts, the message contents, and the message envelope. The message contents include the message header, and the message body. The message envelope is made up of exactly one envelope sender address which can be empty and one or more envelope recipient addresses.

If the message cannot be delivered for any reason, and the envelope sender address is not empty, the message must be returned to the envelope sender address by the mail transfer agent MTA which last accepted responsibility for delivering the message. These notifications are known as "bounce messages" or sometimes as "non-delivery notifications". Bounce messages are sent using the empty envelope return path, to prevent mail loops from occurring when a bounce message itself cannot be delivered.

Confusion often arises among novice users about the difference between the message header and the message envelope; they seem to believe that they are not independant. This appears to be an artifact of their use of simple-minded GUI mail user agents MUAs that do not allow them to set the envelopes of their messages explicitly, but instead simply use the contents of the From: header field as the envelope sender address, and any addresses found in To: , cc: , and bcc: header fields as the envelope recipient addresses.

While these are sensible as default values , more powerful MUAs allow the user to override this choice. The last MTA to receive a message usually the one running on the POP or IMAP server where you retrieve your mail from essentially acts as your correspondence secretary, accepting your mail from the postman, opening it, and placing it into your in-basket.

Note that this would normally destroy the important information contained in the message envelope. To prevent this loss of information, this MTA is supposed to copy the information from the envelope into new fields in the header of the message content, as if your secretrary copied the sender and recipient addresses onto the back of your letters in felt pen. Unfortunately, some MTAs do not always do this properly, and envelope information can then be lost.

When this happens, it makes dealing with certain types of mail messages problematic:. MTAs are supposed to record the envelope sender address by placing it into a new Return-Path: header field at the top of the message. They should then record the envelope recipient address es in another new header field; sometimes this header field is named Delivered-To: , but it can also be Envelope-To: or one of a few other names. A domain or multidrop mailbox is one which receives mail for multiple email addresses commonly all addresses in a given domain.

You cannot do this by looking at the To: , cc: , or other informational message header fields, because they do not actually reflect the message envelope at the time of delivery. Instead, you have to reconstruct the envelope information from the message header fields which the MTA on the server used to record it at the time of delivery. If the final MTA does not record the message envelope the envelope sender, and all envelope recipient addresses in the domain mailbox the message was sent to , then mail will be lost or misdirected regardless of which software you use to access the mailbox.

The mailbox cannot actually be said to be a domain mailbox in this case; the defining characteristic of a domain mailbox is that it records the envelope correctly. The configuration of the MTA running on the server needs to be fixed so that the envelope is properly recorded for every message it receives. The configuration file format is actually very simple; you don't need to worry about most of it if you're not interested in using those features. The simplest and most common getmail rc file configuration will be for users who want to retrieve all mail from a single-user POP3 mailbox, deliver those messages to a maildir or mbox file, and delete the mail from the server.

For maildir, that configuration is:. Create a separate getmail rc file for each account, and run getmail with multiple --rcfile options. Use the received [options] parameter. You don't need to. If you still think you need to, you can use getmail's external MDA support to do so. Use the maildirmake command, if you have it installed.

Otherwise, run the following command from your shell:. Some other maildir-aware programs ship with their own maildir-creation programs; you can use those, or make the above shell command a shellscript or alias if you like.

Create a completely empty i. The standard utility touch is commonly used:. In nmh, this command is called rcvstore. You just run getmail under whatever process-supervision or periodic-job system you already have on your system. That example would run getmail continuously, sleeping for 30 minutes between runs.

You can probably work out similar scripts for other process-supervision systems. If you don't have such a system, you can use your system's cron utility to run getmail periodically, but you absolutely have to prevent multiple copies of getmail from being run by cron simultaneously. Most versions of cron have no protection for this built-in, so you have to use setlock or flock or a similar utility to prevent it.

For more details, see How do I stop multiple instances of getmail from running at the same time? If you do not prevent multiple copies of getmail running against the same server and IMAP folder simultaneously, you will get odd behaviour, including retrieving the same messages multiple times.

Some users with flaky servers use this option to reduce the chances of seeing messages more than once if the server dies in mid-session. Well, you could write a retriever that speaks Hotmail's proprietary, undocumented, and unsupported access protocol, or simply set up the POP3 proxy from the httpmail package, and have getmail retrieve mail from that POP3 proxy.

These are supplementary questions I occasionally see about doing various things to enhance a getmail setup. The solution to many of them is to use a standard Unix technique of some sort to make the system behave in a certain manner, or otherwise change the behaviour of something that's actually outside of getmail proper. Some people ask about temporarily stopping getmail from running from a cron job, possibly because the mail server is down and they don't want to see the warnings cron mails them.

The easiest method is to comment out getmail from your crontab file:. If you need to do this on a regular basis, you can instead use a "flag file" to tell the system whether or not to run getmail :. Change your cron job or shellscript that normally launches getmail to check for the presence of a certain file first, and have it not run getmail if that file is present.

For example, your crontab entry could be changed to do this:. This is even safe for scripting, as creating and removing the file are atomic operations under Unix. In particular, if you're running getmail from a crontab, you must do something to prevent cron from starting getmail if the previous invocation is still running. If you need to prevent two instances of getmail from running simultaneously, use any standard Unix method of providing a mutex for this purpose.

One example would be to run getmail under a program like setlock part of the daemontools package. Change your script or crontab file to invoke getmail like this:. There are other programs that provide functionality similar to setlock. In both configurations, SpamAssassin accepts a wide variety of arguments; please refer to SpamAssassin's manual pages or online documentation for details.

The value supplied to the -s option is the maximum message size accepted in bytes. The default is k. A similar configuration without the spamd daemon would be:. The --report option sends the message to the various spam-blocker databases and tags it as spam in your bayesian database. That is, the headers added by the other filters may get learned, and affect your database. To prevent this, ensure that SpamAssassin ignores these fields by adding the following to your SpamAssassin configuration:.

You should also read this message in the getmail users' mailing list archives and the ClamAV documentation if you want to use ClamAV with getmail. In either case, you need to add the StreamSaveToDisk option to your clamav. To use ClamAV without the clamd daemon, use a filter configuration like this:.

An inactive mailbox is a mailbox that's placed on Litigation Hold or In-Place Hold before it's soft-deleted. The contents of an inactive mailbox are preserved until the hold is removed. To include active and inactive mailboxes in the results, don't use this switch.

Instead, use the IncludeInactiveMailbox switch. The IncludeInactiveMailbox switch specifies whether to include inactive mailboxes in the results. To return only inactive mailboxes in the results, don't use this switch. Instead, use the InactiveMailboxOnly switch. The MailboxPlan parameter filters the results by mailbox plan. When you use this parameter, only mailboxes that are assigned the specified mailbox plan are returned in the results.

You can use any value that uniquely identifies the mailbox plan. A mailbox plan specifies the permissions and features available to a mailbox user in cloud-based organizations. You can see the available mailbox plans by using the Get-MailboxPlan cmdlet. The Migration switch is required to return migration mailboxes in the results. The Monitoring switch is required to return monitoring mailboxes in the results. Monitoring mailboxes are associated with managed availability and the Exchange Health Manager service, and have a RecipientTypeDetails property value of MonitoringMailbox.

The OrganizationalUnit parameter filters the results based on the object's location in Active Directory. Only objects that exist in the specified location are returned. Valid input for this parameter is an organizational unit OU or domain that's returned by the Get-OrganizationalUnit cmdlet. You can use any value that uniquely identifies the OU or domain. The PublicFolder switch is required to return public folder mailboxes in the results.

Public folder mailboxes are specially designed mailboxes that store the hierarchy and content of public folders. The ReadFromDomainController switch specifies that information should be read from a domain controller in the user's domain. Otherwise, the command might use a global catalog that contains outdated information.

Also, you might need to run multiple iterations of the command with the ReadFromDomainController switch to get the information. The RecipientTypeDetails parameter filters the results by the specified mailbox subtype.

Valid values are:. The RemoteArchive switch is required to return remote archive mailboxes in the results. Remote archive mailboxes are archive mailboxes in the cloud-based service that are associated with mailbox users in on-premises Exchange organizations. The ResultSize parameter specifies the maximum number of results to return. If you want to return all requests that match the query, use unlimited for the value of this parameter.

The default value is The Server parameter filters the results by Exchange server. When you use this parameter, only mailboxes on the specified Exchange server are included in the results. The SoftDeletedMailbox switch is required to return soft-deleted mailboxes in the results. The SortBy parameter specifies the property to sort the results by. You can sort by only one property at a time. The results are sorted in ascending order. If the default view doesn't include the property you're sorting by, you can append the command with Format-Table -Auto Property1,Property2, To see the input types that this cmdlet accepts, see Cmdlet Input and Output Types.

If the Input Type field for a cmdlet is blank, the cmdlet doesn't accept input data. To see the return types, which are also known as output types, that this cmdlet accepts, see Cmdlet Input and Output Types. If the Output Type field is blank, the cmdlet doesn't return data.

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This parameter is available only in on-premises Exchange. Audit log mailboxes are arbitration mailboxes that are used to store audit log settings. Enclose the whole OPath filter in double quotation marks " ". Property is a filterable property. For more information about the filterable properties, see Filterable properties for the Filter parameter. ComparisonOperator is an OPath comparison operator for example -eq for equals and -like for string comparison.

Value is the property value to search for. If a variable value contains single quotation marks, you need to identify escape the single quotation marks to expand the variable correctly. This switch enables the command to access Active Directory objects that aren't currently available in the default scope, but also introduces the following restrictions: You can't use the DomainController parameter.

The command uses an appropriate global catalog server automatically.

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